1940 Census Questions
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The following questions were those included on the Population Schedule for the 1940 Census.
The header of each Population Schedule reads "Department of Commerce — Bureau of the Census, Sixteenth Census of the United States: 1940" and includes fields for State, County, Incorporated place, Township or other division or county, Ward of city, Block Nos., Unincorporated place, Institution, Supervisor District Number (S.D. No.), Enumeration District Number (E.D. No.), date of ectual enumeration, name of enumerator, and sheet number.
- LOCATION: Street, avenue, road, etc.
- LOCATION: House number (in cities and towns)
- HOUSEHOLD DATA: Number of household in order of visitation
- HOUSEHOLD DATA: Home owned (O) or rented (R)
- HOUSEHOLD DATA: Value of home, if owned, or monthly rental, if rented
- HOUSEHOLD DATA: Does this household live on a farm? (Yes or No)
- NAME: Name of each person whose usual place of residence on April 1, 1940, was in this household.
- RELATION: Relationship of this person to the head of the household, as wife, daughter, father, mother-in-law, grandson, lodger, lodger's wife, servant, hired hand, etc.
- PERSONAL DESCRIPTION: Sex — Male (M), Female (F)
- PERSONAL DESCRIPTION: Color or race
- PERSONAL DESCRIPTION: Age at last birthday
- PERSONAL DESCRIPTION: Marital status — Single (S), Married (M), Widowed (Wd), Divorced (D)
- EDUCATION: Attended school or college any time since March 1, 1940 (Yes or No)
- EDUCATION: Highest grade of school completed
- PLACE OF BIRTH: If born in the United States, give State, Territory, or possession. If foreign born, give country in which birthplace was situated on January 1, 1937. Distinguish Canada-French from Canada-English and Irish Free State (Eire) from Northern Ireland.
- CITIZENSHIP: Citizenship of the foreign born
- RESIDENCE APRIL 1, 1935: City, town, or village having 2,500 or more inhabitants. Enter "R" for all other places
- RESIDENCE APRIL 1, 1935: County
- RESIDENCE APRIL 1, 1935: State (or Territory or foreign country
- RESIDENCE APRIL 1, 1935: On a farm? (Yes or No)
- PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Was this person AT WORK for pay or profit in private or nonemergency Govt. work during week of March 24-30? (Yes or No)
- PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: If not, was he at work on, or assigned to, public EMERGENCY WORK (WPA, NYA, CCC, etc.) during week of March 24-30? (Yes or No)
- PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Was this person SEEKING WORK? (Yes or No)
- PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: If not seeking work, did he HAVE A JOB, business, etc.? (Yes or No)
- PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Indicate whether engaged in home housework (H) in school (S), unable to work (U), or other (O)
- PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Number of hours worked during week of March 24-30, 1940
- PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Duration of unemploymen up to March 30, 1940 - in weeks
- PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Occupation: Trade, profession, or particular kind of work
- PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Industry: Industry of business
- PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Class of worker
- PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Number of weeks worked in 1939 (Equivalent full-time weeks)
- PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: INCOME IN 1939: Amount of money wages or salary received (including commissions)
- PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: INCOME IN 1939: Did this person receive income of $50 or more from sources other than money wages or salary? (Yes or No)
- Number of Farm Schedule
Each 1940 Population Schedule has 40 numbered lines (numbered along both the left and right edges of the form). There is a list of SUPPLEMENTARY QUESTIONS, which would be asked of those individuals recorded usually on Lines 14 and 29 (although other lines were also designated for such use and was presumably to ensure a random sampling).
The Supplementary Questions were as follows:
- PLACE OF BIRTH OF FATHER AND MOTHER: FATHER
- PLACE OF BIRTH OF FATHER AND MOTHER: MOTHER
- MOTHER TONGUE (OR NATIVE LANGUAGE): Language spoken in home in earliest childhood
- VETERANS: Is this person a veteran of the United States military forces; or the wife, widow, or under-18-year-old child of a veteran? If so, enter "Yes"
- VETERANS: If child, is veteran-father dead (Yes or No)
- VETERANS: War or military service
- SOCIAL SECURITY: Does this person have a Federal Social Security Number? (Yes or No)
- SOCIAL SECURITY: Were deductions for Federal Old-Age Insurance or Railroad Retirement made from this person's wages or salary in 1939? (Yes or No)
- SOCIAL SECURITY: If so, were deductions made from (1) all, (2) one-half or more, (3) part, but less than half, of wages or salary?
- USUAL OCCUPATION
- USUAL INDUSTRY
- Usual class of worker
- FOR ALL WOMEN WHO ARE OR HAVE BEEN MARRIED: Has this woman been married more than once? (Yes or No)
- FOR ALL WOMEN WHO ARE OR HAVE BEEN MARRIED: Age at first marriage?
- FOR ALL WOMEN WHO ARE OR HAVE BEEN MARRIED: Number of children ever born (Do not include stillbirths)
Note: The form also includes a variety of non-numbered columns which are 'For Office Use Only' and so they are not reflected on the transcription above.
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