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1930 Census

Census Basics

Census BasicsCensus Basics If you're already familiar with the basics of using census data to conduct family history research, you may wish to view another one of our free site resources (browse our menu at left or visit our site map). This section of our site is designed to provide an overview of how and why census information is so valuable to genealogists and historians and why all genealogists should take the time to develop a general familiarity with using this resource on a regular basis.

Benefits to Using Census Data
There are numerous benefits to using census data while conducing family history research, regardless if the census was conducted by a local, state, or federal authority. In fact, if you're lucky enough to be researching an ancestor from a geographic area that was included in more than one periodic census, you may feel as though you've hit the genealogical jackpot!

Following are among the key benefits of researching the Census:
  • Establishes a date and place for a particular person and/or family group
  • May show or prove relationship between one or more individuals
  • May include information to establish age and/or place of birth
  • Generally provides a more detailed picture of a family group (especially siblings)
  • Looking at the list of neighbors can yield unexpected finds
  • Can often obtain clues pertaining to immigration and/or naturalization status
  • May provide data for occupation, military service or other category


What's Included in this Census Basics Section?
    Census Data Census 101 is a primer for getting started, including detailed examples
    Census Data Census Overview is a discussion of why census are conducted
    Census Data Census History is more of a historical perspective of the U.S. Census
    Census Records Detailed breakdown of Census Records for genealogy
    Census Data Description of individual census data elements
    Soundex An explanation of the Soundex Indexing System (for Surnames)
    GEDCOM An explanation of GEDCOM files
    Census Data A fun way to look through history and test your research skills is our Celebrity Census


Tips for a Successful Search (Online or Offline) Once you have indentifed a person you are trying to locate in the census, you should have as much information as you already know to help ensure an easy search. This is especially true for common names! If you're searching for a 'John Murphy' in the 1900 U.S. Census for New York City, you'd better know his occupation and approximate age if you want to narrow down the possible matches to your search.

Consider the following steps:
1. Determine which census years apply given birth/death dates for the person you're researching
2. Start with the most recent census available to you (eg: 1930 is better than 1920 or 1910)
3. Where possible, obtain detailed geographic information (eg: City, County, and State)
4. Consider possible variant spellings or misspellings (see soundex overview)
5. Determine approximate age and others who may be living in the same household

— Search 1790 to 1930 Census Records —
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